Ethereum is an open source blockchain platform created in 2015 by Vitalik Buterin and a group of developers. The main goal of Ethereum is to provide a programmable blockchain platform that allows developers to build decentralized applications (DApps) and smart contracts (Smart Contracts). Here are some key features about Ethereum and why it is called the face of Blockchain 2.0:
Smart Contracts: Ethereum introduced the concept of smart contracts, which are self-executing contracts whose rules and operations are programmed onto the blockchain. Smart contracts can be used to create a variety of decentralized applications in everything from digital currency transactions to voting systems and supply chain management.
Programmability: Ethereum’s blockchain is Turing complete, meaning it can perform any computation as long as sufficient computing resources are available. This makes Ethereum a highly programmable platform, and developers can write smart contracts using a variety of programming languages.
Decentralized Applications: Ethereum allows developers to build decentralized applications that do not rely on a single centralized entity or server. This increases application security and availability and reduces reliance on middlemen.
DAO (Decentralized Autonomous Organization): The initial version of Ethereum introduced the concept of a DAO, a form of organization based on smart contracts that allowed people holding tokens to vote on the development direction of the project. Despite the controversial events surrounding the earliest DAOs, the concept still attracts widespread attention in the blockchain community.
ERC-20 Standard: Ethereum introduced the ERC-20 token standard, a standardized smart contract for creating tokens. This resulted in the issuance of a large number of tokens and the Ethereum ecosystem became more diverse and rich.
Ecosystem and developer community: Ethereum has a large ecosystem and active developer community, and these developers contribute various tools, libraries, and applications to promote the development and innovation of Ethereum.
Because Ethereum introduces important concepts such as smart contracts, decentralized applications, and programmability, the blockchain is not only used for digital currency transactions, but also for a wider range of purposes, so it is called a blockchain 2.0 representative. Ethereum’s innovative concepts and ecosystem are also driving the development of blockchain technology and providing new solutions and opportunities for various industries. However, it should be noted that Ethereum also faces some challenges, such as scalability and network congestion, so developers are constantly working hard to improve and upgrade the Ethereum network.
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